Upon its admission in the European Union in 2004, Estonia obtain various rights among which easy access to the Intra-community market. The access to the EU came with simplified customs procedures which require companies established in Estonia
to obtain EORI numbers
. EORI stands for Economic Operators Registration Identification and was introduced in 2009 as a replacement of the Trader’s Unique Reference Number (TURN) system.
Individuals and companies engaging in customs operations on Estonian territory are required to apply for EORI numbers in Estonia.
EORI number requirements in Estonia
The EORI system
became mandatory in 2010 in this country and ever since all companies involved in import-export activities
required EORI registration in Estonia
. The main important aspects to consider when it comes to registering for EORI
is that this is a mandatory requirement for:
Estonia EORI registration must be completed upon the first interaction with the customs authorities in the case of local entities and citizens. EU companies will obtain their EORI numbers with their home country customs, while foreign companies can apply for EORI registration with the Estonian authorities if this is the first country in the EU they engage in customs activities with.
The main advantage of EORI registration is that no matter the country of provenience of the applicant, the procedure is the same.
In the case of Estonian citizens or residents
and companies with management or legal seats here the procedure is completed in a very short period of time.
If you want to open a company in Estonia and are also considering obtaining an EORI number, our local representatives can assist you with both operations.
We invite you to read about EORI registration in Estonia in the scheme below:
Documents required for EORI registration in Estonia
The documents required when applying for an EORI number
are the same for both Estonian and foreign entities
, the main requirement being for the entity to have a VAT number. In other words, a company must be registered for VAT in Estonia
or its home country in order to be able to access the EORI system.
the application form issued by the Board (it should be noted all forms are issued in Estonian);
a copy of the identification document of the person applying for the EORI number;
a document indicating the identification data of the company (the VAT number is mandatory);
holders of TIR Carnets must also submit a copy of their carnets with the Estonian authorities;
other documents could be required for non-EU companies applying for EORI via email.
As mentioned above, all documents released by the authorities here are in Estonian, which is why if you are a representative of a foreign company
you can rely on our company registration agents in Estonia
for help in completing all the formalities.
Appointing a representative for EORI registration in Estonia
Business owners do not need to apply
in person for EORI numbers in Estonia
, as they can appoint representatives to act on their behalf. Apart from the documents mentioned above, a power of attorney
and identification papers of the representative will be required. The procedure will then be completed the same way as if the owner requests the number. Applications for registering for EORI in Estonia
are filed via email for local and foreign operators.
The VAT number as part of EORI registration in Estonia
Registering for VAT
is a mandatory condition to obtain an EORI number in Estonia
, therefore, no matter if a business or natural person has made taxable supplies that meet the mandatory registration threshold or not, will be required to apply for a VAT number
before requesting the EORI number.
We remind investors that if they want to open trading companies in Estonia
, they can rely on us for complete assistance in obtaining the necessary licenses for their activities. These include VAT and EORI registration
Foreign operators applying for EORI registration in Estonia
is not required for companies and natural persons acting as economic operators and located in the European Union alone, but also to foreign companies and sole traders
or other business forms from non-EU countries. In their situation, the procedure must be completed prior to arriving to the EU. A foreign economic operator can apply for an EORI number in Estonia
if this is the first EU country it trades in.
The documents required for EORI registration for non-EU operators are the same as for EU-based traders, therefore there is no need to complete other additional steps to obtain this number. Just like in the case of local operators, foreign ones need to register for VAT in their home countries before applying for EORI numbers in Estonia. However, it is important to note that the number issued will start with Estonia country code, EE, and will be available and recognized by all other member states.
The documents required to register for EORI in Estonia can be sent via email and the number is issued within a matter of days.
Our Estonian company formation consultants
can guide foreign investors
who want to apply for EORI numbers
Activities associated with EORI numbers in Estonia
Obtaining an EORI number
has many advantages for Estonian companies
which will benefit from streamlined customs procedures within the EU, but also for the local customs authorities which will be able to process and obtain information about traders in a fast manner.
There are various activities which can be completed based on EORI number and among these we mention the following:
- filing of various customs declarations with the Estonian and other EU customs authorities;
- filing of Entry Summary Declarations and Single Administrative Documents (SAD) declarations;
- filing of temporary storage declarations and warehousing declarations for such activities;
- acting as carriers for transporting goods by sea, air or land within the EU territory;
- receiving various notifications and information from other EU customs offices.
Our Estonian company formation consultants
can offer more information on the activities to be completed based on EORI numbers. They can also help you open a company in Estonia
Importing and exporting in Estonia based on the EORI system
One of the main reasons the EORI system was introduced at the level of EU is to simplify the import-export and customs procedures companies needed to go through when entering the European Community.
Even if the EORI number
can be used for completing various actions, most Estonian companies
and foreign ones take advantage and use it when importing or exporting goods into/outside Estonia. With the EORI number, the procedure is simplified a lot by the need to submit fewer documents when the products are originated in another EU country.
It should be noted that when importing goods from non-EU countries, specific licenses, including import permits are required. Apart from these, documentation related to the transportation and origin of the goods is required.
Among the papers that need to be filed with the Estonian Customs Board when importing certain goods are:
- the Single Administrative Document (SAD);
- invoices and documents which must be completed in accordance with the EU’s Customs Code
- certificates of origin, packaging list, etc.
When importing food products of animal origin, firearms, tobacco and cigarettes, special conditions apply.
If you need information on the documents to prepare alongside the EORI number
for importing special categories of goods
, you can ask for information from our company registration agents in Estonia
De-registration from EORI in Estonia
It is possible to de-register from the EORI system in Estonia
voluntarily, if a company ceases its trading activities or if it terminates its activities for good and is also de-registered from the Trade Registrar
. Foreign companies can also renounce the EORI number, however it is important to understand that they can come back and reapply for it. The former EORI number will be reassigned. The EORI number has no expiration date.
Another important thing to consider is economic operators can have their data and EORI numbers published with the European Commission with the purpose of easing the interaction with all EU states’ customs authorities.
Trading in Estonia
is a very prolific economy within the European Union and trading
is one of the most important supporters of the economy. According to data released at the beginning of January 2020:
- between November 2018 and November 2019, Estonian exports represented 1.2 billion euros of the economy;
- during the same period of time, Estonian imports amounted to 1.3 billion euros;
- the Netherlands was one of Estonia’s most important export partners; exports here rose by 32 million euros last year;
- 74% of the goods existing the country were locally produced goods.