Estonia has become an interesting choice when it comes to changing the country of residence, as well as the work environment. However, one must follow specific procedures in order to receive a work permit in Estonia, as well as resident permit in this country.
Resident permit in Estonia for EU, EEA and Swiss Confederation members
Estonia functions under the Citizen of European Union Act. This act regulated the residence permits specifically issued to residents of the European Union countries, as well as EEA and Swiss Confederation. If a member of the above mentioned countries has a valid travel document or identity card, he can become an Estonian resident without the need of a resident permit, but only for a period of three months.
If in these three months the citizen decides that he wants to extend his stay in Estonia, he is required to obtain a temporary residence. In order to obtain the permit, the EU citizen has to contact the local government authority and register his or her residence within three months from the date of entering in Estonia. The permit is issues for a five year period of time.
After the five year permit was obtained and the citizen has resided in Estonia permanently, he or she can obtain the right of permanent residence on the basis of the temporary permit already obtained.
Resident permit for third country nationals
The permits given to the third country nationals, as well as to persons with undetermined citizenship are governed by the Aliens Act. They can receive either a temporary residence permit, or a long-term permit.
The temporary residence permit can be issued if certain conditions are fulfilled, such as:
- The person is married to a person with permanent residence in Estonia
- In order to be near a relative that has permanent residency in Estonia
- For working purposes
- For studies performed in an Estonian institution
- For business purposes
Once the Estonian permit has been obtained, it can be extended if the permit has not changed and if the request is justified. For the extension of the permit, the applicant has to contact the service point of the Citizenship and Migration Bureau and submit the application using the post service.
The long-term residence permit is issues under the following conditions:
- If the person has stayed in Estonia for at least 5 years
- If the person has a valid temporary residence permit
- If the residence is registered and the person has income and health insurance in Estonia
- If the person can speak Estonian language at least at a basic level
Work permits in Estonia
Citizens of the EU do not need a separate permit to work in Estonia, unlike third world country members that can work in Estonia only if they have a residence permit.
, foreigners who stay or arrive in Estonia on the basis of a visa or on a visa-free basis can apply for a short-term employment that cannot last more than six months a year. This application is done by the employer. People who are located in Estonia on the basis of a residence permit
are not allowed to be registered for short-term employment in Estonia
, but they can apply for a work permit or a residence permit employment